St. Sophia church is located in the old part of the city of Ohrid. The Cathedral is dedicated to the Holy Wisdom, built on the foundations of an early Christian basilica and it was renovated and adorned with frescos in the time of the archbishop Leo in the period between 1037 and 1056.
The cathedral was the seat of the Ohrid Archbishopric for several centuries and its ecclesiastical authority covered a vast territory, from the Danube to the Albanian coast and the Bay of Thessalonica. In the second half of the 15th century, St Sophia was transformed into a mosque when most of the frescos were whitewashed. In 1912, it was transformed back into an Orthodox Church.
The portraits of the six Roman popes, the barefoot Christ as well as the cycle of the Forty Martyrs of Sebaste are some of the rarities that make St Sophia a unique gallery of paintings from the period between the 11th and 14th century. Its magnificent architecture is one of the most beautiful buildings in the Byzantine architecture in general. Today, during the famous Ohrid Summer Festival, the church is used for classical concerts due to the exceptional quality of its acoustic.